In DCIS, the abnormal cells are contained in the milk ducts canals that carry milk from the lobules to the nipple openings during breastfeeding. DCIS is also called intraductal within the milk ducts carcinoma. Learn about treatment for early breast cancer.
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Chemotherapy, a form of treatment that sends anti-cancer medications throughout the body, is generally not needed for DCIS. DCIS is non-invasive and remains within the breast duct, so there is no need to treat cancer cells that might have traveled to other areas of the body. Each individual situation is different.
Calcifications are small calcium deposits in the breast that show up as white spots on a mammogram. Large, round or well-defined calcifications shown left are more likely to be noncancerous benign. Tight clusters of tiny, irregularly shaped calcifications shown right may indicate cancer. During a stereotactic breast biopsy, your breast will be firmly compressed between two plates.
By Jo Cavallo March 25, Advertisement. Inmore than 63, women in the United States were diagnosed with in situ breast cancer. Although the goal of these treatments is to prevent breast cancer recurrence and mortality, increasingly some women and oncologists, concerned about the side effects of overtreatment, are questioning the necessity of such aggressive therapy for the majority of women who will never develop invasive cancer; they are instead opting for active surveillance, or watchful waiting, as an effective alternative to monitor signs of disease progression over time.
The stage of cancer indicates the size of the tumor of abnormal cells and whether or not those cells are contained to the place of origin. Stage 0 breast cancer, ductal carcinoma in situ DCIS is a non-invasive cancer where abnormal cells have been found in the lining of the breast milk duct. In Stage 0 breast cancer, the atypical cells have not spread outside of the ducts or lobules into the surrounding breast tissue.
If a biopsy has confirmed that there are cancer cells within the breast, treatment for DCIS includes:. A lumpectomy is surgery that removes all of the DCIS along with a bit of the surrounding healthy breast tissue that borders the cancer growth. This is to make sure that all of the abnormal cancer cells have been removed.
The next step is to determine the risk that your breast cancer will return in the same breast called local recurrenceeither as DCIS or as invasive breast cancer. This assessment, along with your age and medical history, will be used to help you and your doctor choose the most appropriate treatment for you. Recommended therapies may include:.
Do you have ductal carcinoma in situ DCIS or breast cancer that can be removed with surgery? If so, you may be able to choose which type of breast surgery to have. Often, your choice is between breast-sparing surgery surgery that takes out the cancer and leaves most of the breast and a mastectomy surgery that removes the whole breast.