There are also multiple non-genital peripheral anatomic structures involved in female sexual responses such as salivary and sweat glands, cutaneous blood vessels and nipples. The vagina consists of a tube of autonomically-innervated smooth muscle longitudinal outer, inner circular layer lined by stratified squamous epithelium and a sub-dermal layer rich in capillaries. The vaginal wall consists of an inner glandular mucous type stratified squamous cell epithelium supported by a thick lamina propia.
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A woman's vagina is a sex organ as well as part of the birth canal. Just as women can have different sized breasts, hands, and feet, the size and depth of vaginas can also vary. According to one study, the average depth of a vagina is about 3.
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Inspired by the success of fecal transplants, US doctors are looking to start offering women vaginal fluid transplants to fight bacterial vaginosis. A recent BBC article discussed a new trend in transplants, and this particular one is only for women. Doctors in the US believe some women could benefit from healthy vaginal microbes to protect against bacterial vaginosis BV.
Bacterial vaginosis BV is characterized by shifts in the vaginal microbiota from Lactobacillus dominant to a microbiota with diverse anaerobic bacteria. Few studies have linked specific metabolites with bacteria found in the human vagina. Here, we report dramatic differences in metabolite compositions and concentrations associated with BV using a global metabolomics approach.
Cervicovaginal fluid has an important function in the homeostasis and immunity of the lower female genital tract. Analysis of the cervicovaginal fluid proteome may therefore yield important information about the pathogenesis of numerous gynecological pathologies. Additionally, cervicovaginal fluid has great potential as a source of biomarkers for these conditions.
The female reproductive system provides several functions. The ovaries produce the egg cells, called the ova or oocytes. The oocytes are then transported to the fallopian tube where fertilization by a sperm may occur. The fertilized egg then moves to the uterus, where the uterine lining has thickened in response to the normal hormones of the reproductive cycle.
Our gynecologic oncology specialists diagnose and treat dozens of patients with vaginal cancer, and are setting treatment guidelines for other physicians around the world. Because gynecologic cancers can have a wide range of physical and emotional effects, we've assembled a team of experts from many disciplines to help you and your family cope with cancer and its treatment. Our clinicians will work closely with you to develop an individualized treatment plan suited to your situation.