Email: SLeclerc-Madlala hsrc. Various efforts are currently being made in the region in response to this call. Such efforts will likely have as limited success as past prevention efforts if the cultural milieu in which sexual partnering practices are located and reproduced remains poorly understood, unaccounted for, and unaddressed in prevention programming.
In recent years health education practitioners have been looking for ways to extend the social psychological analysis of human behavior with approaches that focus on the cultural and social context of human behavior. It demonstrates that an anthropological approach has much to offer as a basis for sound interventions for understanding human behavior. However, although an anthropological approach offers valuable starting points for interventions, its broad scope exceeds the traditional goals of health education changing health beliefs, health counseling.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS represents a group of conditions that occur as a result of severe immunosuppression related to human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection. It runs along the fault lines of society and significantly impacts those who are the most vulnerable. Poverty, gender inequalities, political instability, famine and food insecurity, and inadequate health care standards undergird and continue to drive the epidemic.
W Abstract Anthropological literature on AIDS in the international arena from the s shows researchers' increasing attention to linkages between local socio- cultural processes that create risk of infection and the lifeworlds of sufferers to the global political economy. Focus on Africa, where the heterosexual epidemic has at- tained catastrophic proportions, reveals some cultural particularisms but many more regularities in the social production of disease. Global inequalities of class, gender, and ethnicity are revealed, as poverty, powerlessness, and stigma propel the spread of HIV.
The discipline of anthropology is grounded in holistic understandings of biological and socio-cultural realities. As anthropologists, before we advocate for specific ways to better understand pressing problems and help individuals and communities solve or cope with a problem, we want to find out the details surrounding the problem and what influences and motivates action. Anthropological focus and method routinely looks toward analyzing and addressing dynamics and circumstances that have the potential to unite or divide.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License, which permits for noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any digital medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not altered in any way. Does that mean that anthropologists have no knowledge of value to add to the epidemiological and biomedical understanding of the epidemic? The paper argues that two schools of competing anthropological thought have contributed to this knowledge base.
While raising questions about the Thai sex industry is, in view of the AIDS pandemic, a matter of urgent research interest, much of the existing discourse has failed to place an understanding of masculinity on the agenda. This paper aims to rethink assumptions about masculinity and confront much wider assumptions about male — and therefore human — nature. The subject of prostitution in Thailand has seen a lot of coverage over the last few years from various sources.